Disorders of the joints or nerves of your foot can cause a variety of symptoms, including pain. You may find it difficult to wear certain footwear or spend time on your feet. Your podiatrist will help you to evaluate your condition and find the best treatment option for your feet.
Bunions are painful bumps that appear on the joint at the base of your big or little toe. They signify excess bone growth that occurs when this joint is dislocated, causing the toe to bend inward toward the other toes of your foot. Bunions are often caused by tight or inappropriately-shaped footwear. They may also be congenital or appear following a foot injury. Padding and taping, medication or cortisone injections, physical therapy, and custom orthotics are typical treatments. Surgery may be suggested if these treatments are ineffective.
Hammer toes are toes that are bent at the first joint, forming an upside-down “V” shape. Depending upon the severity of the condition, the toes may remain flexible or become permanently rigid, as is often the case in arthritis sufferers. Flexible hammer toes are treated with methods similar to bunion treatment: padding and taping, medication, and orthotic inserts. Rigid hammer toes often require surgical treatment to correct.
A neuroma is the result of excess nerve tissue growth. Neuromas cause pain, tingling, and numbness, primarily between the ball of the foot and the toes. Relief can be sought with rest and pressure on the affected area of the foot. Long-term treatment includes placing padding under the ball of the foot or providing a custom orthotic insert. Medication may also be prescribed to manage symptoms. Podiatric surgery can remove the irritated nerve if other treatment options fail.
If you have questions or concerns about your foot health, you can find the nearest Austin Podiatry Centers location. Our foot and ankle doctors offer advanced diagnosis and treatment of joint and nerve disorders in addition to a variety of other foot conditions. You can read more about your foot health on our website.